Science and innovation in the education system 2024-05-22T17:04:29+03:00 Open Journal Systems <p>The Italian open conference that publishes original research and review articles in a variety of fields. The main goal is to offer an intelligent platform for international scientists and to develop interdisciplinary research in applied sciences. Conference languages: italian, Russian, english, Maldaski, Kazaқsha, o’zbek, limba romвnă, Kyrgyz tili, Հայերեն</p> UNDERSTANDING THE CLINICAL SPECTRUM OF DIABETIC POLYNEUROPATHY IN TYPE 1 DIABETES: AN IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS 2024-05-04T13:16:28+03:00 D.T. Khodzhaeva S.S. Gafarova <p>Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) stands as one of the most prevalent and debilitating complications of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), significantly impacting the quality of life of affected individuals. As a chronic microvascular complication, DPN results from prolonged hyperglycemia and vascular damage, leading to dysfunction and damage of peripheral nerves. This condition manifests through a spectrum of sensory, motor, and autonomic disturbances, with symptoms ranging from numbness and tingling to pain and muscle weakness. Additionally, DPN poses a considerable risk for complications such as foot ulcers, infections, and lower limb amputations, thus underscoring its clinical significance and socioeconomic burden.</p> 2024-05-03T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ADVANCEMENTS IN DIAGNOSIS AND SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF THORACIC AND LUMBAR SPONDYLODISCITIS: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW 2024-05-04T13:19:18+03:00 J.J. Mardonov J.S. Gafarov <p>Spondylodiscitis, a term encompassing vertebral osteomyelitis and discitis, represents a challenging infectious condition affecting the thoracic and lumbar spine. This pathology involves inflammation and infection of the vertebral bodies and intervertebral discs, leading to significant clinical implications. Understanding the impact of spondylodiscitis on the thoracic and lumbar spine is essential for appreciating the importance of improving its diagnosis and surgical treatment.</p> 2024-05-03T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ЛЕКСИЧЕСКИЕ СРЕДСТВА ВЫРАЖЕНИЯ ЭМОТИВНОСТИ В ХУДОЖЕСТВЕННЫХ ТЕКСТАХ 2024-05-04T13:30:30+03:00 Сабрина Ниядуллаева <p>Эмотивность является важным аспектом художественных текстов, поскольку она позволяет передать эмоциональную составляющую произведения и вызвать отклик у читателей. Лексические средства языка играют ключевую роль в выражении эмотивности, поскольку они способны создавать насыщенные образы и передавать эмоциональную окраску текста. В данной статье мы рассмотрели различные лексические средства, используемые для выражения эмотивности в художественных текстах и исследуем их эффект на читателя.</p> 2024-05-03T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ENHANCING STUDENTS' CREATIVE ABILITIES THROUGH TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION 2024-05-04T13:32:55+03:00 Shaxnoza Ibragimova <p>This article explores the role of technology in enhancing students' creative abilities. The integration of technology in education offers numerous opportunities to foster and develop creativity in students. By utilizing digital tools for creative expression, collaboration platforms, gamification, augmented and virtual reality, coding and robotics, and personalized learning technologies, educators can provide students with innovative learning experiences that stimulate their creative thinking and problem-solving skills.</p> 2024-05-03T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ADVERBIAL PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS IN THE ENGLISH AND UZBEK LANGUAGES 2024-05-07T09:58:26+03:00 Zulayho Ibotova <p>This article explores adverbial phraseological units in the English and Uzbek languages, focusing on their characteristics, classification, and cultural significance. Adverbial phraseological units are an essential component of language, providing nuances and expressions that enrich communication. Through a comprehensive literature review, this research examines the unique features of adverbial phraseological units, their idiomatic nature, translation challenges, and impact on cross-cultural communication. The article highlights the importance of understanding and mastering adverbial phraseological units in both languages to enhance language proficiency and promote intercultural understanding. By delving into the intricacies of these expressions, learners can bridge linguistic and cultural divides, fostering meaningful connections and mutual respect across cultures.</p> 2024-05-06T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 MONITORING OF TAX PREFERENTIAL INVESTMENT FUNDS 2024-05-07T11:19:50+03:00 Abrorjon Azizov <p>It should be noted that over the years of independence, a favorable investment climate has been formed in Uzbekistan; a wide system of benefits, preferences and guarantees to protect the rights and interests of foreign investors has been legislatively established.</p> 2024-05-06T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 MODERN ASPECTS OF THE TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH LIVER ABSCESSES 2024-05-10T05:35:21+03:00 S.S. Yakhshiboev A.R. Babadjanov <p>According to summary data, the incidence of liver abscesses varies from 8 to 15 cases per 100,000 inhabitants per year, and the mortality rate ranges from 5 to 26%. To improve the effectiveness of treatment of patients with liver abscesses by improving the technique of local intra-arterial antimicrobial therapy. We analyzed the results of surgical treatment of 83 patients with liver abscesses who were in the department of purulent surgery and surgical complications of diabetes mellitus at the multidisciplinary clinic of the Tashkent Medical Academy from 2016 to 2023. In the first group, 5 complications occurred (6.0%): in 3 patients, biliary bleeding. 1 has a right-sided hydrothorax. 1 fatal outcome is the cause of the breakthrough of abscesses into the abdominal cavity and the addition of hepatic - renal insufficiency. The use of minimally invasive techniques in the treatment of liver abscesses in combination with long-term intra-arterial catheter therapy is highly effective and in the future requires a more detailed approach to this method.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SHAXS MA'NAVIY KAMOLOTIDA MILLATNING O'RNI 2024-05-10T08:53:42+03:00 Azizaxon Lutfullayeva <p>Mazkur maqolada shaxs ma'naviyati millat ma'naviyatining ajralmas qismi ekanligi, shaxs va millat ma'naviyatini shakllantirishda milliy qadriyatlar, urf-odatlar, adabiyot va sanʼat muhim o'rin tutishi, buyuk ajdodlarimizning millatimiz ma'naviyatiga qo'shgan fidokorona xizmatlari hamda o'zbek millati bilan boshqa millatlar o'rtasidagi ma'naviy-madaniy munosabatlar ko'rsatib o'tilgan.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 TYPES OF RUBRICS ON ASSESSING PRODUCTIVE SKILLS 2024-05-10T11:11:05+03:00 Marfat Muratova <p>Thіs artіcle hіghlіghtes a number of questіons that mіght arіse as develop our productіve skіlls assessment tasks. We begіn by suggestіng a number of task types that mіght be useful іn classroom.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 1920-1924-YILLAR BUXORO XALQ SOVET RESPUBLIKASI MATBUOTI 2024-05-11T09:59:30+03:00 Murodjon Raxmatulloyev <p>Maqolada 1920-1924-yillar buxoro xalq sovet respublikasi matbuoti, “buxoro axbori” gazetasi, uning faoliyati, amalga oshirilgan ishlar, gazetaning ommaviyligi va o‘qimishligini ta’minlashda bosh muharrir said ahroriyning dolzarb muammolarga bag‘ishlangan maqolalari mazmuni, cho‘lponning nashr isho‘laridagi samarali faoliyati, gazeta nashrlaridagi tanqidiy, real hayotni tasviflovchi materiallar haqida ma’lumotlar berilgan.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 NEYROCHIPLAR, MAXSUS MATRITSALI KUCHAYTIRGICHLAR VA NEYROEMULYATORLAR 2024-05-13T17:14:37+03:00 Maksad Onarkulov Saxiybonu Isaqova <p>Ushbu maqola sun'iy intellekt (SI) texnologiyalarining rivojlanishida neyrochiplar, maxsus matritsali kuchaytirgichlar&nbsp; va neyroemulyatorlarning muhim rol o'ynashini o'rganadi. SI tezkor rivojlanishda davom etar ekan, ushbu maxsus texnologiyalarning ta'siri va salohiyatini tushunish muhim ahamiyat kasb etadi. Neyrochiplar sun'iy neyron tarmoqlarini jismoniy ifodalash orqali hisoblash samaradorligini va tezligini oshiradi, bu ularni energiya cheklangan qurilmalar uchun, masalan mobil va IoT ilovalari uchun juda mos qiladi.</p> 2024-05-13T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 TALABALARNING BADIIY-OBRAZLI TAFAKKURINI RIVOJLANTIRISH TEXNOLOGIYALARI 2024-05-14T09:42:56+03:00 Nigora Ibatova <p>Maqolada talabalarning badiiy – obrazli tafakkurini rivojlantirishda ta’lim texnologiyalaridan foydalanishning o‘ziga xos ahamiyati, rivojlangan mamlakatlarda tasviriy san’at yo‘nalishi talabalarining badiiy va tasviriy fikrlash qobiliyatlarini rivojlantirish maqsadida ta’lim sohasida qo‘llanilayotgan ta’lim turlari mazmuni, talabalarda ijodkorlik va innovatsiyalarni rivojlantirish yo‘llari haqida ilmiy asoslangan fikrlar hamda xorijiy tajribalar haqida so‘z boradi.</p> 2024-05-13T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 QARORLAR DARAXTI VA UNI KIRITISH ALGORITIMI 2024-05-14T14:15:10+03:00 Maksad Onarkulov Elinur Omonaliyeva <p>Bu maqola sun’iy intellekt sohasida qarorlar daraxti va uni kiritish algoritmi mavzusiga aloqador muhim ma'lumotlar takidlangan. Maqola qarorlar daraxti algoritmi va uni kiritishning maqsadlarini, tuzilishini, ma'lumotlar kiritish jarayonini, asosiy maqsadlarini, ma'lumotlarni qayta qarash jarayonini, natijalarini va ularning o'zlariga oid muhim nuqtalarini o'z ichiga oladi. Bu ma'lumotlar analitikasi sohasidagi qaror qabul qilishning asosiy asoslari bilan tanishish va ularni amaliyotda foydalanishga yordam beradi. Maqola o'quvchilarni qarorlar daraxti mavzusida bilim olishga qiziqtirishga xizmat qiladi va ularning ma'lumotlar analitikasi va qaror qabul qilish jarayonlarini tushunishiga olib keladi.</p> 2024-05-13T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 BERILGANLARNI O'ZGARTIRISH OPERATORI 2024-05-14T14:30:47+03:00 Israiljon Tojimamatov G’anisher Aminjonov <p>Ushbu maqola dasturlashda ko'p uchraydigan tushunchalardan biri bo'lgan berilganlarni o'zgartirish operatori haqida to'liq ma'lumot beradi. Maqola operatorning asosiy vazifalari, turli dasturlash tillarida qo'llanilishi va amaliy misollar orqali tushuntiriladi. Shuningdek, berilganlarni o'zgartirish operatorining samaradorligi va dasturlashdagi ahamiyati ko'rib chiqiladi.</p> 2024-05-13T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 БИОХИМИЧЕСКИЕ ОСНОВЫ ЦИРРОЗА ПЕЧЕНИ 2024-05-15T05:12:33+03:00 Раъно Исматова <p>Цирроз печени – одна из важнейших причин смертности во многих регионах мира и в нашей стране. Известно, что у пациентов с циррозом печени нарушения функции сердца, систолическая/диастолическая дисфункция и электрофизиологические аномалии.</p> 2024-05-14T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PRAGMATIC SIDES OF SYMBOL IN THE TEXT LANGUAGE 2024-05-15T05:45:54+03:00 Dilnoza Sharipova <p>The article deals with the pragmatic sides of the symbol text language. It states that each type of communication needs some information for intercourse as well as virtual communication. The virtual communication is realized through some language means either a written or a verbal form. The article mainly underlines the importance of new communication means such as symbol texts in the written discourse and gives some information about the origin of the term too. The author uses some symbols in some situations and explains their pragmatic meanings in the contexts. The article drew the attention to the terms used by Saussure, such as signifier and signified. It states that the signs are considered to play a crucial role in the pragmatic sides of the symbol text language.</p> 2024-05-14T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ГОРЮЧИЕ ИСКОПАЕМЫЕ 2024-05-15T09:58:27+03:00 Дилдора Саидова <p>Термин горючие ископаемые или ископаемое топливо относится к органическим остаткам растений, заключенным в осадочных породах. Все живые организмы построены из клеток. В любой из них можно различить клеточную оболочку и клеточное содержимое. Последнее включает в себя углеводы, протеины, жиры, масла, нередко другие вещества, например, холестерин, хлорофилл, ферменты. Стенки клеток построены, как правило, из целлюлозы, которая в некоторых растениях (например, древесных) инкрустирована лигнином. Чем проще организовано растение, тем больше относительное содержание в нем клеточного содержимого. В высокоразвитых растениях вещества клеточной оболочки в процентном отношении преобладают над содержимым клеток.</p> 2024-05-14T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 KLASTERLASH. K –O’RTACHA ALGORITIMI. MAKSIMUM MASOFA ALGORITMI. ISODATA ALGORITMI. MAKSIMALLASHTIRISHNI QUTISH ALGARITMI. 2024-05-15T15:19:45+03:00 Israiljon Tojimamatov Shohjahon Tohirov <p>Ushbu maqola klasterlash metodlari va ularning turli sohalarda qo'llanilishini tahlil etadi. Klasterlash - bu ma'lumotlar to'plamini o'xshashlik yoki masofa asosida bir-biriga yaqin guruhlarga ajratish jarayoni. Bizning tadqiqotimiz klasterlashning o'rtacha algoritmi, maksimum masofa algoritmi, ISODATA algoritmi va maksimallashtirishni kutish algoritmi kabi asosiy usullariga qaratilgan. Har bir algoritmning matematik asoslari, afzalliklari va cheklovlari ko'rib chiqiladi, shuningdek ularning amaliy dasturlari misollar orqali tushuntiriladi.</p> 2024-05-14T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 AGE DEPENDENT CHARACTERISTICS OF 1-2 AGE LARVAE OF TURNIP MOTH (AGROTIS SEGETUM DENIS & SCHIFFERMÜLLER,1775) 2024-05-16T05:13:31+03:00 A. Yoqubov <p>Age-related characteristics of 1-year-old larvae of turnip moth were studied. The changes that occur in the body parts of the worm after hatching and until the end of the 1st year or the time of hatching are described.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INGLIZ TILINI IZCHILLIKDA O`QITISHNING METODIK MEXANIZMLARI 2024-05-16T11:03:25+03:00 Naimaxon Farmonova <p>Jahon miqyosida barqaror ta`lim taraqqiyotni ta`minlovchi asosiy omil sifatida e`tirof etilib, ta`lim muassasalarida ta`lim sifati va samaradorligi alohida ahamiyat kasb etmoqda. Yunesko tomonidan qabul qilingan 2030-yilgacha belgilangan xalqaro ta`lim konsepsiyasida&nbsp; ''Ta`lim-taraqqiyotning asosiy xarakatlantiruvchi kuchi va barqaror rivojlanish maqsadga yetkazuvchi muhim foliyat ", deb e`tirof etilgan<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1">[1]</a>. Albatta, ilm-ma’rifat insonni komolotga va ulug‘likka eltuvchi muhim vosita hisoblanadi. Ta’lim jarayoni murakkab jarayon bo‘lib unda ta’lim beruvchilar va oluvchilar aniq maqsadga yo‘nalgan holda, ta’lim olish jarayonini tizimli, muntazam, izchil va uzviy tarzda tashkil etilishini talab qiladi.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 О НЕКОТОРЫХ СЛОЖНОСТЯХ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ РУССКОГО ЯЗЫКА КАК ИНОСТРАННОГО 2024-05-17T06:47:54+03:00 Назирабону Бахромова Д.Т. Йулдошева <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; text-indent: 35.4pt; line-height: 115%; vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-size: 14.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Cambria',serif; color: black;">В статье рассматриваются определенные сложности освоения учащимися некоторых грамматических категорий русского языка - одного из самых сложных в мире. Показаны основные особенности родного языка учащихся, затрудняющие освоение изучаемого (русского) языка. </span></p> 2024-05-16T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ЛЕКСИЧЕСКИЙ АСПЕКТ ПРЕПОДАВАНИЯ РУССКОГО ЯЗЫКА КАК ИНОСТРАННОГО В ШКОЛЕ 2024-05-17T09:54:23+03:00 Абдужаббор Жумабоев М.М. Азизова Ш.П. Уринова <p>Данная статья анализирует лексический аспект преподавания русского языка как иностранного в школьной среде. Исследование охватывает различные методы и подходы к обучению лексике, включая семантические и морфологические аспекты, а также стратегии расширения словарного запаса и углубления понимания лексических единиц.</p> 2024-05-16T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SAADI SHIRAZI—A PERSIAN POET AND PROSE WRITER 2024-05-17T12:11:35+03:00 Gulshan Sharapova Maftuna Istamova <p>Saadi Shirazi, also known as Sheikh Saadi, was a Persian poet and prose writer of the medieval period. His works have transcended time and geography, influencing literature and thought across the world. This article explores the life, works, and legacy of Saadi Shirazi, shedding light on his contributions to literature, ethics, and humanism. The article provides a comprehensive overview of Saadi Shirazi’s life, works, and legacy, drawing on both primary and secondary sources to offer readers a deeper understanding of this influential poet and thinker.</p> 2024-05-16T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ELEKTRON TA’LIMNI TASHKIL QILISHNING TEXNIK VA DASTURIY ASOSLARI 2024-05-18T12:10:48+03:00 Marhabo Adamova <p>Elektron ta’limni tashkil qilishning texnik asoslari avvallo zamonaviy axborot texnologiyalari bilan bog‘liq. Ta’limni axborotlashtirishning eng muhim vazifalaridan biri – mutaxassisning axborot madaniyatini shakllantirishdan iborat boʻlib, uning shakllanish darajasi, birinchi navbatda axborot jarayonlari, modellar va texnologiyalar haqidagi bilimlari bilan belgilanadi, ikkinchidan turli faoliyatda axborotni qayta ishlash va tahlil qilish vositalari va usullaridan foydalanish koʻnikma va malakalari, uchinchidan kasbiy faoliyatda zamonaviy axborot texnologiyalaridan foydalanish qobiliyati, toʻrtinchidan ochiq axborot tizimi sifatida oʻrab turgan dunyo aloqa tizimlaridan foydalanish.</p> 2024-05-17T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 BUXORO TUMANI TUPROQLARINING SHO’RLANGANLIK HOLATI VA YAXSHILASH YO’LLARI 2024-05-18T12:32:36+03:00 D.I. Bo’riyeva M.R. Boltayeva <p>Ushbu maqolada asosan Buxoro tumani sho‘rlangan erlarda olib borilgan ilmiy tadqiqot natijalari bayon etilgan. Tadqiqot natijalariga ko‘ra, hududda sodir bo‘lgan va bo‘layotgan salbiy jarayonlarni keltirib chiqaruvchi tabiiy va inson faoliyati bilan bog‘liq&nbsp; omillarni o‘rganish, sizot suvlari chuqurligi, minerallashuvi va turli qatlamlaridagi tuzlarining umumiy va zaharli zahiralarini va shular asosida tuproqning hozirgi meliorativ holatini aniqlash, va ularni yaxshilashga qaratilgan chora-tadbirlar va tavsiyalar ishlab chiqilgan.</p> 2024-05-17T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ESHITISHIDA NUQSONI BÒLGAN BOLALARNING O‘YIN FAOLIYATINI TASHKIL ETISH 2024-05-20T11:31:17+03:00 Nodira Toshpulova Jasmina Anarboyeva <p>Ushbu maqolamizda maktabgacha yoshdagi&nbsp; bolalar uchun o'yin faoliyatining ahamiyati&nbsp; hamda&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;eshitishda nuqsoni bo'lgan bolalarga o'yin faoliyatini tashkil etish orqali ularni har tomonlama ruhiy, jismoniy va aqliy&nbsp; jihatdan rivojlantirish hamda eshituv holatining buzulishlari orqali kelib chiqadigan nutq nuqsonlarini korreksiyalash&nbsp; borasida olib boriladigan ishlar samaralari haqida yoritib berilgan.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ВОДОУДЕРЖИВАЮЩАЯ СПОСОБНОСТЬ И МОРФОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ОСОБЕННОСТИ ВЕЙГЕЛА РАННЯЯ (WEIGELA PRAECOX) В УСЛОВИЯХ БОТАНИЧЕСКОГО САДА 2024-05-20T11:49:14+03:00 М.Д. Камалова Э.Р. Юлдашева <p>В статье представлен водоудерживающая способность и морфологические особенности Вейгела ранняя. Показана, что наибольшая потеря влаги происходит в сентябре, поэтому растение признана для оценки водоудерживающей способности, а также утверждает засухоустойчивость вида.<strong> &nbsp; </strong>Морфологические особенности - симподиальное ветвление, мочковатая корневая система. Цветет 20-25 дней. Бутонизация и цветение реагирует на погодные условия, плод-коробочка.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SYBASE MISOLIDA LOYIHA YARATISH 2024-05-20T15:08:41+03:00 Zulxumor Komilova Madinaxon Nomonjonova <p>Sybase, kompaniyaning ma'lumotlar bazasi va analitik vositalar tizimlarini ishlab chiqarish va menejerlik uchun texnologiyalarni ishlab chiqaruvchi AQShli kompaniyadir. Sybase, ma'lumotlar bazasi tizimlarini boshqa tizimlar bilan integratsiya qilish uchun dasturlar, tizimlar va xizmatlar taklif etadi.Sybase, menejerlikjarlar uchun ma'lumotlar bilan ishlash va tahlil qilishni yengil va effektiv qilish uchun mahsus mahsulotlar taklif etadi. Bu tizimlar ma'lumotlarni amaliyotga aylanishi va menejerlikjarlarga tajribali qarorlar qabul qilishga yordam beradi.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ASSESSING YOUNG LEARNERS COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 2024-05-21T13:31:51+03:00 Gulnora Abdullaeva <p>This text discusses the importance of assessment in evaluating children's language skills, focusing on the distinction between assessment and evaluation, validity, reliability, and the challenges of language development. The research problem addresses the need for accurate and fair assessments to identify language difficulties in children. The aim is to highlight the significance of valid and reliable assessments in understanding children's language trajectories. The methodology involves a review of literature on language assessment, including indirect and direct screening methods, sensitivity, specificity, and formative versus summative assessment. The results emphasize the importance of fair assessment practices and the impact on children's language attitudes and motivation. The implications suggest that assessments should be tailored to individual learning needs to support language acquisition effectively.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 EFFECT OF THE DITERPENOID ALKALOID KARAKOLINE AND THEIR DERIVATIVE 14-O-BENZOILKARAKOLINE OF RAT AORTIC SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS 2024-05-22T05:35:30+03:00 Yu.T. Mirzayeva Z. D. Allaniyazova Z.Ch. Abrayeva S.Yu. Yunusov <p>Diterpenoid alkaloids are compounds found in plants that have been studied for their potential therapeutic effects. One such compound is karakoline, which has been shown to exhibit relaxant activity in various systems. Studies have found that karakoline can exert relaxant effects on smooth muscle, including in the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system, and blood vessels. This may be due to its ability to interact with certain receptors or ion channels involved in muscle relaxation [1].</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ТИПЫ ИДЕОГРАФИЧЕСКИХ СЛОВАРЕЙ. 2024-05-22T17:00:53+03:00 Зарина Алиева <p>В статье говорится о типах идеографических словарей, об их возникновении, методологических принципах классификации понятий и, следовательно, характер расположения слов по алфавиту.</p> 2024-05-21T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE ROLE OF PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING PROCESS 2024-05-22T17:04:29+03:00 Rayhona Narzikulova <p>Pedagogical technologies represent a diverse and evolving field aimed at enhancing the educational process. By integrating these technologies thoughtfully, educators can create more dynamic, engaging, and effective learning environments. The successful implementation of these tools requires careful planning, support, and continuous evaluation to address challenges and maximize benefits. This article describes about the role of pedagogical technologies in teaching process.</p> 2024-05-21T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2024