Академические исследования в современной науке http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims <div class="description"> <p>An American open conference that publishes original research and review articles in a variety of fields. The main goal is to offer an intelligent platform for international scientists and to develop interdisciplinary research in applied sciences. Conference languages: Belarusian, Russian, english, Maldaski, Kazaқsha, o’zbek, limba romвnă, Kyrgyz tili, Հայերեն</p> </div> «AID» LLC ru-RU Академические исследования в современной науке TREATMENT OF SCARRING DEFORMATIONS AND CONTRACTURES OF LARGE JOINTS OF THE FOOT BY NEW METHODS http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18166 <p>We have shown the results of treatment of patients with soot complications in the large joints of the foot by traditional surgical methods. For this, 99 patients were selected and included in the control group. In the control group, 3 types were performed, dermatome skin grafting in 23 (23%) of 99 patients, local tissue and Limberg method Z-plasty in 34 (34%) and clot plasty in 42 (42%) patients underwent surgery. 15 (15.2%) of these patients have scars deep and attached to underlying tissues, and 4 (26.7%) of them have open wound foci.</p> Z.D. Isomiddinov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-04 2024-07-04 3 28 5 7 ОTА-ОNА QАRАMОG‘IDАN MАHRUM BО‘LGАN BОLАLАR HUQUQLАRINI TА`MINLАSH http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18188 <p>Mаzkur mаqоlаdа О`zbekistоndа yetim bоlаlаr vа оtа-оnа qаrаmоg`idаn mаhrum bо`lgаn bоlаlаr huquqlаri qаy dаrаjаdа tа`minlаnаyоtgаni, buning uchun оlib bоrilаyоtgаn islоhоtlаr hаqidа tо`xtаlib, ulаr hаqidа tаhlil оlib bоrаmаn.</p> Bahromjon Muhammadiyev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-04 2024-07-04 3 28 8 12 ORIGIN AND MEANING OF THE NAME "DAYU AN" ("DAVAN"). http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18189 <p>This article provides detailed information on the history of the origin of the Davan toponym, the explanation of the toponyms of the ancient Fargona Valley and the countries there in Chinese sources written after the 5th century AD, and a comparative analysis of its meanings in the scientific works of European scientists.</p> Isroiljon Usmonaliev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-04 2024-07-04 3 28 13 17 ВЛИЯНИЕ МИКРОФИНАНСИРОВАНИЯ НА ЖЕНЩИН-ПРЕДПРИНИМАТЕЛЕЙ В УЗБЕКИСТАНЕ http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18198 <p>Эта статья исследует влияние микрофинансирования на женщин-предпринимателей в Узбекистане, используя метод IMRAD для структурирования анализа. Микрофинансирование стало важным инструментом для расширения прав и возможностей женщин и стимулирования предпринимательской деятельности в развивающихся странах. Изучая роль микрофинансовых институтов (МФИ) и их услуги, это исследование стремится понять, как микрофинансирование влияет на успех предпринимательской деятельности женщин, их экономическое и социальное положение в Узбекистане.</p> Мархабо Назарова Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-04 2024-07-04 3 28 18 24 AMMIAKLI SELITRA VA UNING SUYUQLANMASIGA MAHALLIY NOAN’ANAVIY TABIIY MINERALLAR (BENTONIT VA GLAUKONIT UNLARI) BILAN ISHLOV BERISH ORQALI XOSSALARI YAXSHILANGAN AMMIAKLI SELITRA TAJRIBA NAMUNALARINING XOSSALARINI O‘RGANISH http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18230 <p>Azotli mineral o‘g‘itlar orasida ammiakli selitra (AS) yetakchi o‘rinni egallaydi, chunki u ozuqa moddalarining yuqori miqdordaligi va azotning ammoniy va nitrat shakllarining muvozanatli tarkibiga ega balastsiz arzon o‘g‘it.</p> B. X. Kodirov B Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-08 2024-07-08 3 28 25 34 ИСПOЛЬЗOВAНИЕ ИННOВAЦИOННЫХ ПЕДAГOГИЧЕСКИХ ТЕХНOЛOГИЙ НA УРOКAХ ФИЗИЧЕСКOГO ВOСПИТAНИЯ http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18231 <p>Сегoдня нельзя нaйти ни oднoй сферы челoвеческoй деятельнoсти, не связaннoй с физическoй культурoй, пoскoльку физическaя культурa и спoрт – oбщепризнaнные мaтериaльные и духoвные ценнoсти oбществa, в целoм, и кaждoгo челoвекa, в oтдельнoсти.</p> Лазизбек Рустамов Шарибжон Турсунов Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-08 2024-07-08 3 28 35 41 PATHOMORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES IN LYMPH NODES UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF MEASLES. http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18239 <p>An analysis of the pathomorphological changes developed in the main morphofunctional areas of the lymph nodes of children who died from measles and its complications was carried out, in which morphological data on the pathomorphological changes detected in the lymph nodes in measles and its complicated forms were analyzed. the specificity of changes in the immune system is shown.</p> D.S. Turdimatov I.H. Kholmatov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-08 2024-07-08 3 28 42 44 THE ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF ABŪ BAKR AL-KĀSĀNĪ'S WORK "BADĀ’I‘ AL-ṢANĀ’I‘ FĪ TARTĪB SHARĀ’I‘" IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF JURISPRUDENCE http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18259 <p>The opinions expressed in the article are formulated in accordance with the requirements of the methodological principles and traditional methods of the Ḥanafī faith. Opinions on social welfare are observed on the basis of modern standards based on the book "Badā’i‘ al-ṣanā’i‘ fī tartīb sharā’i‘" al- written by the jurist of Samarkand, Abū Bakr al-Kāsānī, and based on the jurisprudence rules and legal arguments introduced in Central Asia in general, in particular in our Republic.</p> A’zam Qambarov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-08 2024-07-08 3 28 45 52 O‘ZBEK TILI TOYLOQ SHEVASINING AYRIM FONETIK XUSUSIYATLARI http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18265 <p>Ushbu maqolada o‘zbek tili Toyloq shevasining, xususan Sochak qishlog‘i shevasining ayrim fonetik jihatlari va o‘ziga xos xususiyatlari haqida so‘z boradi.</p> Muxlisa Jalilova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-08 2024-07-08 3 28 53 55 ON THE NEED TO PROVIDE MEDICAL CARE, NOT FIGHT DRUG ADDICTS http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18266 <p>The article, along with the fight against drug addiction, examines the need to provide medical care to those suffering from this disease. Based on analytical materials from the UN and national countries, medical problems related to drug addiction among adults, youth and minors are analyzed. Opinions on recent changes in national legislation on these issues were discussed.</p> Abduvosit Abdurazakov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-08 2024-07-08 3 28 56 60 ADMINISTRATIVE AND LEGAL PROCEDURES FOR ENSURING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CIVIL RIGHTS IN ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITIES: CONCEPT AND MAIN FEATURES http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18284 <p>This comprehensive study examines the administrative and legal procedures that ensure the implementation of civil rights in the sphere of entrepreneurial activities. Through an extensive literature review, legal analysis, and case studies, we develop a conceptual framework for understanding these procedures and identify their main features. The research reveals the complex interplay between administrative mechanisms, civil rights protections, and entrepreneurial freedoms.</p> Ernazar Kalimbetov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-09 2024-07-09 3 28 61 73 APPLICATION OF FACTOR ANALYSIS TO SELECT OPTIMAL TEST DEPTHS FOR PROSPECTING AND EXPLORATION WELLS (USING THE EXAMPLE OF THE BUKHARA-KHIVA REGION) http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18285 <p>Geological objects, as a rule, are very complex and diverse, since their formation is usually due to the action of many different <em>factors (causes)</em>. Therefore, for a more complete specification of geological objects, they are usually characterized by a set of various features <em>(parameters)</em>, and the measurement results of a set of these features are presented in the form of multidimensional random variables. In the exploration of complex geological objects,<strong> factor analysis</strong> allows a deeper understanding of the essence of the geological object, its genetic characteristics, which is extremely important when developing a strategy for <em>prospecting and exploration of mineral deposits.</em></p> Nodira Ayupova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-09 2024-07-09 3 28 74 78 ОПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕ И СТРУКТУРА КОМПЕТЕНЦИЙ, РАЗВИВАЕМЫХ НА БАЗЕ МУЛЬТИМЕДИЙНЫХ И ЦИФРОВЫХ ТЕХНОЛОГИЙ. http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18286 <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; text-indent: 35.45pt; line-height: 115%; vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-size: 14.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Cambria',serif;">Говоря о компетенции, мы берем за основу понятия компетенции его определение А.В. Хуторской как «совокупность взаимосвязанных качеств личности (мотивация, знания, умения, навыки, способы деятельности), задаваемых по отношению к определенному кругу предметов и процессов, необходимых для качественной и продуктивной деятельности по отношению к ним».</span></p> Хусен Ахмедов Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-09 2024-07-09 3 28 79 82 OBTAINING ANTI-CORROSION COATINGS FOR OIL PIPELINES http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18287 <p>This article provides information on determining the optimal composition of competitive coatings, as well as studying the effect of various mineral substances and fillers on the composition of gossypol resin and determining the physical and mechanical properties of a new type of coating. The chemical composition, properties, and resistance to various environments of the synthesized optimal composition are studied.</p> D.D. Bekberganova Kh.Sh. Yuldasheva S.G’. Sapayeva Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-09 2024-07-09 3 28 83 86 FOREIGN EXPERIENCE IN THE MANAGEMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP PROJECTS http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18291 <p>In France, efforts to develop road transport infrastructure through public-private partnerships began to appear 50 years ago in concession contracts. Over the next ten years, the total length of highways increased 8 times, and the share of roads built based on concession contracts made up 67% of the total size of roads. France has more than 10,000 km of roads, and more than 70% of them have been completed under concession contracts. In France, introducing the concept of "competitive dialogue" in 2004 is the key to PPPs' success.</p> Farrukh Suleimanov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-09 2024-07-09 3 28 87 89 BLACK ALBUMIN DRYING TECHNOLOGY USING A SPRAY EXPERIMENT ON CATTLE BLOOD http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18295 <p>This research document shows the experimental results of spray drying processes of black albumin found in cattle blood. Physico-chemical properties of bovine black albumin were obtained during the drying process. The granulometric composition and particle structure of dried albumin were obtained for spray drying using a centrifugal sprayer and a pneumatic sprayer for different ranges of solid content in the source product and different drying agent initial temperatures. Spray method - the effect of the initial temperature of the drying agent and the range of solid content in the source product on the average size of the dried bovine albumin particles was determined.</p> SH.A. Khalmuhammedova U.CH. Jurayev K.A. Abdulazizov Sh.N. Kuchkarova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-09 2024-07-09 3 28 90 97 QUSHXONA QONI VA UNING BIRIKMALARI http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18296 <p>Bugungi kunda hayvonlarning qoni tobora ortib bormoqda va uning funktsional va ozuqaviy xususiyatlaridan foydalanilmoqda. So‘nggi yillarda oziq-ovqat mahsulotlarida qonni qo‘llash bilan bog‘liq bir qancha ilmiy maqolalar chop etildi. Ushbu sharhning maqsadi hayvonlar qoni, uning kimyoviy tarkibi, namuna olish, qayta ishlash, saqlanishi va turli xil go‘sht bo‘lmagan mahsulotlarda qo‘llanilishini tavsiflashdir. Sigir, cho‘chqa va gvineya cho‘chqasining qoni shokolad, pechene, kolbasa, ichimliklar, saqichlar, ekstrudirovka qilingan mahsulotlar kabi turli xil oziq-ovqatlarni shakllantirishda ishlatilgan va to‘g‘ridan-to‘g‘ri ozuqaviy qo‘shimcha sifatida iste’mol qilingan.</p> Sh.A. Xalmuxamedova U.Ch. Jurayev J.R. Isajonov Z.A. Rustamov A.A. Qayimov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-09 2024-07-09 3 28 98 103 METHOD OF USING THE DRUG "ALBENDAZOLE" AS A TOPICAL GERMICIDE FOR THE PREVENTION AND RECURRENCE OF HEPATIC ECHINOCOCCOSIS http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18302 <p>One of the most common causes of parasitic liver invasions found in surgical practice is echinococcosis. According to WHO, about three million people worldwide get sick with echinococcosis every year. Uzbekistan is one of the regions endemic to echinococcosis [2, 3]. Climatic, geographical, social and economic conditions have traditionally developed in such a way that there are a number of zoonotic foci with varying degrees of intensity of epizootic processes on the territory of the republic [1, 4, 5].</p> Jasur Radjabov Mokhigul Atoyeva Amirbek Usmonov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-10 2024-07-10 3 28 104 105 CLINICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CORONAVIRUS INFECTION (COVID-19) DURING DIABETES MELLITUS http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18320 <p>Global and domestic data indicate a higher mortality rate in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) due to COVID-19, which determines the high relevance of the analysis of risk factors for adverse disease outcomes in DM to justify the management tactics of this category of patients.</p> Rushana Sadullayeva Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-11 2024-07-11 3 28 106 107 ПОЙДЕМ ЛЮДИ ИЗ ЭПОСОВ ФОРМА СЛИШКОМ МИФ ИЗОБРАЖЕНИЙ САВЛЕНЕНИВИНИН ИСТОРИЯ ДАННЫЕ . http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18330 <p>Население в его эпопеях слишком в своих сагах Сделать фото миф изображений слишком участков литературный пока они не надуты .</p> Айгерим Джаксиликова Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-11 2024-07-11 3 28 108 110 THE ROLE OF SH. KHOLMIRZAEV'S WORK IN THE UZBEK STORYTELLING OF THE PERIOD OF INDEPENDENCE. http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18331 <p>This article analyzes Shukur Kholmirzayev and his works written during the period of independence.The author's creativity occurs in all components of the work, through a unique artistic interpretation.</p> Aziza Ergasheva Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-11 2024-07-11 3 28 111 113 ВOЯГA ЕТМAГAНЛAРГA ИЖТИМOИЙ-ҲУҚУҚИЙ ЁРДAМ КЎРСAТИШ БЎЙИЧА ИЛҒОР ҲOРИЖИЙ ДAВЛAТЛAР ТАЖРИБАЛАРИ http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18341 <p>Мaмлaкaтимизнинг тaрaққиёт бoсқичидa, дaвлaт дaрaжaсидa aмaлгa oширилaётгaн - кaмoлoтгa етaклaйдигaн тaдбирлaрнинг мaжмуaсини инoбaтгa oлиб, ёшлaр дaври деб кўрсaтсaк хaтo қилмaгaн бўлaмиз. Жaмият тaрихидa ёшлaр имкoниятигa эътибoр қaрaтилиши ўз aнъaнaлaригa эгa бўлиб, ёшлaргa тaрaққиётни тaъминлoвчи куч, тинчлик вa бaрқaрoрликни ҳимoячиси вa вoриси сифaтидa эътибoр қaрaтиб келингaн.</p> Дилбар Сафарова Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-11 2024-07-11 3 28 114 119 SCIENTIFIC AND THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE ORGANIZATION OF INDEPENDENT EDUCATION OF STUDENTS http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18355 <p>This article presents the purpose of independent education, autonomy and cooperation characteristics of independent education, independent thinking and theoretical views of world scientists on independent education.</p> Dilnoza Akhmedova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-12 2024-07-12 3 28 120 123 JADIDS AND JADID PRESS AS THE TRIBUNE OF CALLING FOR NATIONAL AWAKENING http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18356 <p>The article is mainly focused on revealing the role of the press in the national-spiritual revival. In particular, the press, which came under the name of Jadid press and became a tribune of calling for national awakening, became a true herald of the ideas of independence, and these ideas have fulfilled a historical mission in the introducing in mind of the masses. It has been studied that nowadays, it is becoming more relevant to publish press articles about the Jadids and the Jadid press.</p> Bozorgul Urinova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-12 2024-07-12 3 28 124 127 ETHNOLINGUISTIC AND ETHNOTOPONYMIC UNITS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18366 <p>This article describes the definition of the term ethnolinguistic units and ethnotoponymic units and the appearance of ethnotoponyms in ethnic forms. Among them, the ethnotoponyms of the world and Karakalpakstan are also listed.</p> Mambetkerim Qudaybergenov Abdumurat Yesemuratov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-15 2024-07-15 3 28 128 131 THE MAIN PROBLEMS OF THE MODERN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18379 <p>The main problems facing modern science, technology, and education include funding constraints, ethical dilemmas, access and equity issues, misinformation, and the rapid pace of change. These challenges require collaborative efforts to address and ensure responsible and inclusive advancement in these fields.</p> Irodakhon Valiyeva Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-15 2024-07-15 3 28 132 135 DESCRIPTION OF THE FREQUENCY OF DETECTION OF THE MAIN CLINICAL SYNDROMES OF CHOLECYSTITIS IN THE GERONT-SUPERGERONT POPULATION OF THE FERGANA VALLEY http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18380 <p>From the results of the research conducted in Uzbekistan, it is known that 6 syndromes dominate the clinical presentation of cholecystitis in the geront and supergeront population: pain syndrome or feeling, dyspeptic syndrome, cholecystocardial syndrome, neurotic syndrome, vegetodystonia syndrome and allergic syndrome.</p> M.M. Madazimov N.S. Mamasoliev J.A. Botirov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-15 2024-07-15 3 28 136 138 СУРУНКАЛИ ЮРАК РЕВМАТИК КАСАЛЛИГИ МИТРАЛ ҚОПҚОҚ НУҚСОНИ БИЛАН ОҒРИГАН БЕМОРЛАРДА ОПЕРАТИВ ДАВОНИНГ ЮРАК ИЧИ ГЕМОДИНАМИК ПАРАМЕТРЛАРИГА ТАСИРИ http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18388 <p>Сурункали юрак ревматик касаллиги диагностикаси, комплекс терапияси, кардиожаррохлик йўли билан даволашдаги катта ютуқлари, беморларни юритишнинг оптимал стратегияларини белгилаб берувчи келишув хужжатлари қабул қилинишига қарамай, ушбу касаллик бугунги кунда хам оғир асоратлар ва нохуш прогноз билан тавсифланади. Сурункали юрак ревматиккасаллигинг зурайган босқичларида юрак ремоделлашуви, юрак ичи гемодинамик параметрлари ўзгариши, бутун огранизмнинг копмлекс функсиясининг бузулиши ва хаёт сифатининг ёмонланиши билан ифодаланади. Оғир холатларда эса мураккаб оператив даво талаб этилади.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Т.А. Абдуллаев А.О. Ёқубжонов Х.К. Мухиддинов Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-15 2024-07-15 3 28 139 141 DAFN ETISHNING TARIXAN SHAKLLANISHI VA BUGUNGI KUNDA DAFN ISHI BILAN BOGʻLIQ MASALALARGA OID HUQUQIY NORMALAR. http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18389 <p>Mazkur maqolada kishilar orasida dafn etishning shakllanib borishi va hozirgi kunda mazkur sohaning huquqiy negizi haqida so`z boradi.</p> Mohlaroyim Bozorova Akmaljon Rahimjonov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-15 2024-07-15 3 28 142 144 ОПЫТ ДИАГНОСТИКИ И ХИРУРГИЧЕСКОГО ЛЕЧЕНИЯ КИСТОЗНЫХ ОБРАЗОВАНИЙ ПЕЧЕНИ http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18390 <p>Анализ современной литературы показывает, что имеются несколько направлений в лечении кист печени: традиционные оперативные вмешательства, эндо-видеохирургические методы и чрескожное пункционно-дренирующее лечение кист под контролем УЗИ или КТ с проведением пред - и послеоперационной химиотерапии при паразитарных кистах печени [2, 4, 6, 8, 9, 12, 14, 16]. Методика PAIR применяется повсеместно и одобрена ВОЗ. Тем не менее не прекращаются попытки модификации чрескожных методов с целью улучшения результатов лечения. Так, появились новые виды миниинвазивных вмешательств при эхинококкозе – PEVAC, PAI, Örmeci, MoCaT. Методика PEVAC подразумевает замену дренажа по Сельдингеру, что несет риск обсеменения пункционного канала [1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 11, 13, 15].</p> Забур Умаркулов Мохигул Атоева Амирбек Усмонов Асилбек Арзиев Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-15 2024-07-15 3 28 145 148 ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ БЕЛКА S-100 У ЭКСПЕРИМЕНТАЛЬНЫХ ЖИВОТНЫХ ПРИНИМАВШИХ ЭНЕРГЕТИЧЕСКИЕ НАПИТКИ И ПРИ КОРРЕКЦИИ ОЛИВКОВЫМ МАСЛОМ. http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18401 <p>Энергетические напитки стали популярным средством стимуляции организма, особенно среди молодежи и людей, ведущих активный образ жизни. Их воздействие на здоровье человека вызывает широкий интерес среди ученых, медиков и общественности. В последние годы значительно увеличилось потребление энергетических напитков, что делает необходимым детальное изучение их влияния на различные системы организма, включая центральную нервную систему. Учитывая рост потребления энергетических напитков в последние годы, необходимы профилактические стратегии для предотвращения побочных негативных последствий, связанных с энергетическими напитками.</p> Фирдавс Орипов Сурайё Эшкабилова Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-15 2024-07-15 3 28 149 152 SUSTAINABLE AQUACULTURE PRACTICES: ENHANCING ECOCULTURE FOR A GREENER FUTURE http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18421 <p>Ecoculture, the practice of cultivating organisms in harmony with the environment, is gaining momentum as a sustainable approach to food production. In this article, we explore sustainable aquaculture practices as a pivotal example of ecoculture. We discuss the principles, benefits, challenges, and future prospects of integrating ecocultural practices into aquaculture systems.</p> Gulzada Oteniyazova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 3 28 153 155 OXIDATION OF ANGREN BROWN COAL BASED ON A NITRATING MIXTURE FORMED IN THE PROCESS OF SYNTHESIS OF 2-METHYL-3(H)-6-NITROQUINAZOLIN-4-ONE http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18423 <p>In this article, nitration reactions of 2-methyl-3(H)-quinazolin-4-one using nitrating mixture (HNO<sub>3</sub>+H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>) were carried out. As a result, the mobile hydrogen atom located in the sixth position of the benzene ring in 2-methyl-3(H)-quinazolin-4-ones is exchanged for the -NO<sub>2</sub> group, resulting in the corresponding 2-methyl-3(H)-6-nitroquinazolin-4-one as a result of electrophilic coupling reactions. synthesized. In the process of obtaining the synthesized product, a large amount of nitrating mixture waste is generated. This mixture was applied to the oxidation process of Angren mine lignite. Oxidation process in nitric acid concentration from 5 to 15%, weight ratio of coal (organic part); When studying HNO<sub>3</sub>:H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub> = 1:0.2:0.4 to 1:1:2, it was shown that it is possible to increase the amount of humic acids in coal from 3.96% to 55.17%.</p> Mirjalol E. Ziyadullaev Pirnazar Kh. Ganiev Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-17 2024-07-17 3 28 156 160 AGE-RELATED ASPECTS OF OSTEOARTHRITIS IN WOMEN http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18438 <p>Osteoarthritis (OA) is becoming one of the most common diseases of modern society, affecting more than 20% of the world's population over the age of 50, and the number of patients with OA is constantly growing, which is associated with an increase in life expectancy. Generally, etiology of OA is multifactorial and includes both constitutional (old age, gender, obesity, heredity, state of reproductive function) and mechanical factors. The results of sample studies conducted in Uzbekistan suggest that currently at least 30% of the working–age population of our country is overweight and 25% is obese. A steady increase in obesity is observed in almost all countries of the world: over the past 10 years, its prevalence in the world has increased by an average&nbsp; of &nbsp;75%. However, despite the high prevalence, the effect of abdominal obesity on the course of OA in women has not been studied. The disease is based on genetic, endocrine causes, irrational overloads, and obesity. Late diagnosis and ineffective therapy lead to a decrease in the quality of life of patients with OA, an increase in temporary disability and early disability of people of working age.</p> Gulandom Shodikulova Shaxnoza Sadikova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-17 2024-07-17 3 28 161 162 ДУХОВНЫЕ ОСНОВЫ СОЦИАЛЬНОГО УПРАВЛЕНИЯ В ИСТОРИИ ЦЕНТРАЛЬНОАЗИАТСКОЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОСТИ http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18439 <p>«С древних времен Центральная Азия считалась одним из потенциальных регионов мира с крупнейшим историческим и духовно-культурным наследием»<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1">[1]</a>. ак отметил Президент Республики Узбекистан Шавкат Мирзиёев: «Известно, что Центральная Азия, расположенная на Великом Шелковом пути и Великих Индийских торговых путях, на протяжении тысячелетий находилась в центре важных мировых процессов благодаря своему геостратегическому место пришло в либ. Наш регион служил уникальным мостом, соединяющим Европу, Ближний Восток, Южную и Восточную Азию.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Малохат Мансурова Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-17 2024-07-17 3 28 163 166 DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS AND PROGNOSTIC EVALUATION IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS WITH SEQUELAE OF ENCEPHALITIS AND CEREBRAL PALSY FOLLOWING NEUROINFECTION http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18440 <p>Encephalitis and cerebral palsy (CP) are debilitating conditions that can profoundly impact children, particularly when preceded by neuroinfections. This article explores the complex diagnostic challenges and prognostic factors influencing outcomes in pediatric patients affected by these sequelae.</p> Bakhtigul Norova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-17 2024-07-17 3 28 167 169 ТУРЛИ РАНГДАГИ ҚОРАКЎЛ ТEРИЛАРИ ЖУН-ТОЛАЛАРИНИНГ СИФАТ КЎРСАТКИЧЛАРИ http://econferences.ru/index.php/arims/article/view/18446 <p>Мақолада турли рангдаги қоракўл териларида жун-тола сифатининг ипаксимонлик ва ялтироқлик кўрсаткичларининг гул ўлчамига боғлиқликда намоён бўлиш даражалари ёритилган.</p> А. Газиев Б.С. Маматов А.Х. Хатамов М.Х. Туранов У.Т. Фазилов А.Ж. Болтаев Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-17 2024-07-17 3 28 170 175